Estonian CIT

Learn whether a new method of corporate taxation is right for you

Estonian
 CIT

“Estonian CIT,” also called the flat-rate tax on company income, is a new, alternative form of income taxation of companies introduced in 2021. Estonian CIT offers a significant incentive for limited-liability companies and joint-stock companies due to its attractive model for settlement of income tax and the possibility to defer payment of tax until distribution of profit from the company. The Estonian CIT model is also characterized by an absence of separate tax accounting and minimal administrative duties.

Why is it worth considering?

The main advantage of the Estonian CIT model is reduction of the total PIT and CIT taxation in the case of payment of dividends. In practice this means that the taxpayer can deduct the corporate income tax paid by the company from the personal income tax paid by the shareholder.

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Do I need it?

Estonian CIT is addressed to micro, small and medium-sized companies whose annual revenue does not exceed PLN 100m. This new tax scheme is accessible to companies whose shareholders are exclusively natural persons.

But these are not the only conditions that must be met to take advantage of this form of taxation. Estonian CIT can be claimed by taxpayers meeting all the conditions set forth in Art. 28j(1) of the CIT Act, namely:
  • Micro, small and medium-sized companies whose total annual operating revenue does not exceed PLN 100m, including VAT.
  • The company’s shareholders are exclusively natural persons.
  • The taxpayer does not hold shares in other companies.
  • The taxpayer employs at least three people (other than the shareholders).
  • The company’s passive revenue does not exceed its operating revenue.
  • The company does not prepare financial reports in accordance with IFRS for the period covered by Estonian CIT.
  • The taxpayer files a notice of election of taxation by the Estonian CIT method, in accordance with an established template, with the head of the competent tax office by the end of the first month.

Our Offer

As demonstrated in the first months since introduction of this new form of taxation, taxpayers regard the rules for applying Estonian CIT as complicated. If you are thinking of implementing this new solution in your company, contact our experts. We will examine your situation comprehensively, and tailor the proposed solutions to the needs and capabilities of your business.

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FAQ

Can a taxpayer applying Estonian CIT also claim other relief for innovations?

Estonian CIT excludes simultaneous use of other tax incentives. This means that the taxpayer will not be able to claim, for example, R&D relief, the IP Box, or relief for bad debts.

For what period can a taxpayer apply Estonian CIT?

When deciding on Estonian CIT, the taxpayer elects this form of taxation for a period of four years, and can extend it by further periods of four years if it still meets all the conditions for using the Estonian CIT system.

Is Estonian CIT a more advantageous form of taxation than classic income taxation?

There is no definitive answer to this question, but an advantage of Estonian CIT is deferral of taxation of the company’s income. This means that the income is not taxed until it is distributed for consumption purposes, rather than being taxed during the year when the income is earned. It is thus an advantageous form of taxation for companies seeking to expand their operations. It should be pointed out, however, that if the company decides to abandon this form of taxation, the taxpayer will have to pay income tax for the period when Estonian CIT was claimed, and not at the rate of 9% or 19%, but at 15% or 25%.

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Pursuant to the Personal Data Protection Act of 29 August 1997 (Journal of Laws Dz.U. 2016 item 922, as amended), I consent to receive commercial and marketing information from KR Group sp. z o.o. sp. k. with its registered office at ul. Skaryszewska 7, 03-802 Warsaw, and to introduction into the database and processing by KR Group sp. z o.o. sp. k. of my personal data provided in this form. I also acknowledge that my consent is voluntary and that I have the right to review, correct or remove my data.

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